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Registered Fossils

07 Jan 2021
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The exploration and research on fossil in Thailand have been conducted for over a century. Number of fossils; invertebrates, vertebrates, plants, and animal traces fossils have been reportedly founded assisting the understanding of evolution of geology and living things in Thailand and explaining the ancient environment, geography, and identifying the age and rock stratums.

At the present, more than 20,000 fossils have been discovered in Thailand which more than 1,000 items are the world new type of fossils. It expects that there are more new types will be discovered and in the studying process.

Registered fossils under article 26 of Fossil Protection Act, B.E. 2551 are the fossil found in Thailand which is important or value to the study of the world history, paleontology, paleobiology or rock stratums. The classification criterions of registered fossils are the following.

  • It is the fossil firstly found in Thailand or in the world or is the prototype fossil.
  • It is the index fossil using as the accurate reference of the age of rock strata which is acceptable in Thailand and international.
  • It is the fossil with the special characteristics or the mostly complete as found in Thailand.
  • It is the fossil of the specific and important part of vertebrates.
  • It is the same rare fossil previously found in Thailand for long time.
The first dinosaur’s bone found in Thailand, its age is approximately 130 million years found at Phu Wiang National Park, Khon Kean province

Since 2012 to present, Department of Mineral Resources has announced the registration of 281 fossils from 83 types which are Dinosaur, Crocodylomorph, Ichthyosauriform, Testudinate, Osteichthyan, Chondrichthyan, Mamal, and Brachiopod.

The skull of Khoratosuchus jintasakuli, its age is approximately 100 million years found at Nakorn Ratchasima province.
The fossil of Ichthyosauriform, Thaisaurus chonglakmanii, its age is approximately 240 million years found at Phatthalung province.
The fossil of ancient fish, Thaiichthys buddhabutrensis, , its age is approximately 150 million years found at Kalasin province.
The skull of hornless rhino, Aceratherium porpani, its age is approximately 7 to 5 million years found at Nakorn Ratchasima province.

By Fossil Protection Division, Department of Mineral Resources


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